In September 2019, following the transfer of power from the Transitional Council Military Council to the Sovereign Council of Sudanese Territories, South Sudanese President Salva Kiir held talks in Juba between rebel movements, Sovereignty Council soldiers and the Sudanese Prime Minister. Among the rebel movements participating in the Juba meetings were four armed groups from Darfur, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), the Sudanese Liberation Movement/Army led by Minni Minawi (SLM-MM), the Sudan Liberation Movement and the Sudan Armed Forces Transitional Council and the Sudan Liberation Forces Alliance;  the rebel group “Blue Nile/South Kordofan” Sudan People`s Liberation Movement-North al-Hilu (SPLM-N (al-Hilu));  and the Sudan Revolutionary Front of Sudan (SRF), which in 2011 allied a wide range of Sudanese rebel armed groups. Hemetti, a military member of the Sovereignty Council and head of the Rapid Support Forces, arrived in Juba on 9 September for negotiations.  “All parties must ensure that the peace agreement ends nearly two decades of suffering inflicted on civilians. People need to be able to go home and rebuild their lives with dignity. A roadmap agreement signed in March 2016 between the warring parties eased the fighting that allowed a high-level African Union body, chaired by former South African President Thabo Mbeki, to steer peace talks without success after several attempts. The body`s efforts were overwhelmed by the popular protests of December 2018 that led to the impeachment of President Omar Al Bashir in April 2019. Some armed groups have not signed the agreement, which could be an obstacle to its success. From the beginning, the Sudanese Liberation Movement/Army Abdul Wahid Nur (SLM/A-AW), one of Darfur`s main armed groups, has refused to participate in peace talks. Nor has any agreement been reached with the People`s Movement for the Liberation of the South (SPLM-N) led by Abdel Aziz al-Hilu, which controls parts of South Kordofan and Blue Nile. Kiir also thanked the international community for its “support and encouragement” in mediating the agreement and stressed that “our work is not done and we will not relax until we achieve our aspirations for a peaceful region.” He warned the outside world that Sudan “needs its help and help.” MANSUS peacekeeping forces have been repeatedly attacked by armed actors; A Bangladeshi soldier was killed in June and a Nepalese soldier was wounded in September.
Armed groups and government soldiers continued their attacks on UNMISS links, including in Juba Bor, Bentiu, Malakal, Wau, Akobo and Melut. The leader of one of the factions that signed the joint peace agreement, Arko Minawi, stressed that it was a step in the right direction. On 28 December, four representatives from Darfur and Khabbashi signed a framework agreement on the Darfur road, which includes issues such as power-sharing, wealth sharing, transitional justice and the Darfur-Darfur dialogue.  On 31 December, the SRF suspended talks on the Darfur road as part of the fighting that left 708 people dead and injured in el-Geneina.  A FFC delegation visiting the region attributed the conflict to the “deep state” and the victims attributed it to “janjaweed” and “militant shepherds in Rapid Support Forces vehicles”.  Burhan said it was a great day for the fate of the Sudanese people, because after many years of war, the nation achieved the goal of a revolution – peace – that put an end to the bloodshed and gave the people a decent standard of living.